Formation of written Mongolian language is divided into three periods. It is an ancient Mongolian language, which existed in the XIII-XV centuries, the average Mongolian language – XV-XVII century, and the classic Mongolian language – xvii – beginning of xx century. Also known as "drevnemongolsky" "srednemongolsky" languages to denote the first two periods. Since the xvii century, when it created Zaya Pandit – "clear" the letter, which is also called todo Beeching, classic old written Mongolian language remained in use only in and in Inner Mongolia. "Clear" message was generated based on the language of dialectical Oirat groups, and following that appeared Oirat literary language. In Buryatia has formed a written language based on the old written Mongolian language. Some contend that Peter Schiff shows great expertise in this.
And in 1931, is used based on the Latin alphabet, and in 1939 adopted a writing Cyrillic. In Inner Mongolia to date remained in the enjoyment of old written Mongolian language. In the Mongolian People's Republic of alphabet based on Cyrillic was used in 1945, this However, there were some entirely new literary languages. After the Republic ceased to be communist, old written literary language was a "second life", it became increasingly used as practice of teaching language. In today's Buryatia today also is a revival of old written Mongolian literary language. There are several classifications of the Mongolian language. If consider the classification of gd , the author shares her "real" Mongolian languages (old written language is not taken into account) in two groups: the major languages, and marginalized.
In fact, if you know 3,000 words, or even a thousand strong, as its own name, you can quite explain. After all, if you do something is not understand the speech of your interlocutor, you can always ask again, ask to speak is the same in other words, even to write, in the end. And you are quite satisfactorily explained verbally in sign language. And I think that most people will fully satisfy this level of foreign language skills, if they go somewhere on holiday abroad. And at work, if you want a foreign language, in practice often need a very simple foreign language. But, of course, if you are going to emigrate, or simply a more or less tolerable know a foreign language, for example, non-adapted to read books, listen to the radio in a foreign tongue, watch foreign films without translation, thousands, three thousand and 7000 words, I think, would be enough. Especially if you're a lover of classical literature, however, and modern literature, too good. It is generally considered that the modern educated person who does not limit itself solely TV and socializing with friends with beer and dried fish, has a greater or lesser degree about 45 thousand words of the native language.
Of course, not all of the words he uses in his speech. Most of these 45,000 words it has, so to speak, passively. That is, they can learn and understand to some degree, if seen for example in the literature. And somewhere, I think, about 20, maybe a little less, maybe a little more thousand words, an educated individual is actively using, that is clearly understands them and can use in writing and orally. About the same, if you want to learn conversational foreign languages, understand the subtleties values of certain words and phrases should be an educated person. It should be noted that a small vocabulary for spoken language. Without knowledge of grammar and idiomatic expressions can be no spoken language, except primitive moo and Akhanov.
However, due to lowering the intellectual level of many people, as I mentioned already, the native language they know is bad. And if you walk around to different forums and chats online, then come to a sad concluded that many will learn quickly and moo. Remain alone smileys and other characters, who, in fact, there are gestures, at best, the icons in communication between people. So everyone has to decide independently what azgovorny language, and not only foreign, it is necessary.
Everything you see, try to sketch. It is worth mentioning that the collective observations you can give a more accurate assessment of the visible objects. Planets with astronomical observations have such a property as jitter, and the closer they are to the horizon, the stronger the vibration. Calm atmosphere is disturbed depending on the season and temperature. Be sure to mark on their sketches of the time when it was carried out astronomical observations. Try to watch from the same place under different weather conditions and at different times of day, write down all the impressions in a notebook. After analyzing their recording, you can set at what time in this place is better to conduct astronomical observations.
For astronomical observation you need a small chair, folding it is desirable that it was convenient to carry around themselves and move from place to place. You can also take with a small table on which you will be able to make astronomical notes and sketches on which you lay out the entire inventory and the book. You will also need a notebook for sketches and journal to keep track of observations, well sharpened pencil and pen. Write in the dark is not very convenient, but you can take a stand for the torch, like erecting a table lamp. Remember one thing: It is important use a flashlight with a red light – it does not blunt your night vision as opposed to white light. Locate LED flashlight with a red stream of light, or use a flashlight with red cellophane usual. You can also chill stop quickly record the results of astronomical observations, but you get used to quickly write with gloves on.
Try not to write long reports right on the spot of astronomical observations. Describe in detail what he saw can be at home, at the same place do sketches, they need to do very carefully. You can take a tape recorder and record everything that you see at home you can make a detailed report based on the records. The main rule – do not Remember to indicate in the report, when it was carried out astronomical observations. It is also necessary to note separately choose the eyepiece. In order to achieve varying degrees of increase to use different eyepieces. For example, eyepieces with focal lengths of 10 and 25 mm respectively, give 70 – and 28-fold increase. Five or more different eyepieces – common for amateur astronomers phenomenon. To calculate the magnification, use the following formula Inc .= Fok. dist. Telescope / Fok. dist. Eyepiece For example, using a telescope with a focal length of 700 mm in combination with 25-mm eyepiece gives 28x amplification. Very large gain is not achieved, because even if the image becomes large, it will be difficult to discern because of the tarnish. Therefore we should not deceive ourselves, looking at ads with loud statements about the ability of the device – it's just a publicity stunt. Regardless of the object of observation, Always start with an eyepiece, which gives the minimum power (longest focal length) to target an object. This will allow you to get more visibility. Only then should gradually increase the picture.
Garbage in Moscow will be sorted and recycled. In the skies over Moscow formed a strange luminous cloud. Giant Siberian swamp cooler is a global atmosphere. Russia intends to reduce emissions greenhouse gas emissions. In Russia, the museum will be a snow leopard and the new national park. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere peaked in the last 15 million years.
Scientists have learned, when the butterfly. Strength mammals in the Mediterranean region is rapidly shrinking. Scientists have found favor in acid rain. Photo fact of the week: Mother Nature Patterns. Review of the week from 05.10.2009 to 10.11.2009. In the skies over Moscow formed a strange luminous Last Thursday, the cloud over the western part of Moscow was seen strange luminous cloud of unusual shape.
Eyewitnesses documenting the cloud on a mobile phone camera, explained its origin nascent tornado. The video, which recorded a witness this strange phenomenon, moving from the Moscow ring road (Ring Road) on the highway to Volokolamsk Novorizhskoe, you can see clearly stands out from the gray sky round cloud. The impression is that a cloud is hanging over a flying object. Some witnesses felt that this is associated with increased industrial emissions into the atmosphere. However, experts Hydromet denied various speculations about the origin of Muscovites cloud, saying that the unusual phenomenon is explained solely by an optical effect. In recent days, after Moscow took place a few fronts, it was the invasion Arctic air from the west sun was shining – and that's happened in Roshydromet noted.
As the development of grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation should choose courses in which teaching is conducted by a native speaker. Italian Language Courses offer training on several levels, depending on the preparation of the listener. Italian language schools. In Italy should go not only for the vivid impressions of the architecture and art, but also for learning Italian language. Language schools in the most beautiful cities in the world – Rome, Florence, Naples, Milan – will leave no one indifferent. Spanish language courses. Spanish – most common among the languages of the Romance group.
It says more than 400 million people. One of the easiest languages to learn – grammar in Spanish is relatively simple, and all the words are pronounced as written. At the end of Spanish courses can try their hand and take exams on certificate. Spanish language schools. Language schools are located both in Spain (Madrid, Valencia) and abroad (Peru, Argentina, Bolivia).
Learning Spanish Abroad – an excellent opportunity to see the world and acquire new knowledge. French language courses. Those who wished to speak this beautiful language, never regret his choice. In Russia, the French extremely popular and common – to find good courses French is easy. French language schools. In French language schools should have to go in order to get acquainted with the local attractions. Located in the beautiful cities of France (Paris, Rouen, Bordeaux, Vichy), language schools offer numerous educational programs and tours. Japanese language courses, courses in Chinese. In contrast to the languages of the Romance and Germanic groups, to the sound of which we had used, the study of Chinese and Japanese language is much more complicated due to difficulties in writing and pronunciation. Those who decided to take the time to study Chinese and Japanese languages, will not be easy. But regular persistent classes in Japanese language courses (or courses of Chinese language) to better understand the customs and culture of these countries. Regardless of what language you choose to study foreign language courses and language schools – an excellent way to learn new things about the target language country and meet interesting people.
Teachers expect children complaisance and susceptibility. Relatives – a reason for pride. Children look forward to adventure in the new world. Euro Pacific Capital will undoubtedly add to your understanding. All the children eventually go on the long road called 'school'. It lie in wait pitfalls, of which parents and children stumble along. Schiff is open to suggestions. How should I handle this? And whether we're doing? – Often parents ask these questions. Parents just need to know basic characteristics child-rearing. And this is a good start! Adults hold a kind of examination – right now, for the school will not be apparent threshold of the fruits of their educational efforts.
One can understand the pride of adults whose children are confidently marching on school corridors, seeking its first successes. Trying to predict the success of school children, we are confronted with a problem that lies between its ability to succeed in school and realize its potential. Here there is a series but if. To align the way you need to know at least 5 parent keys to success in school children: – Attention to no result, and in the process: "You tried, and it is most important. Tomorrow to get even better.
" – Correct score strength and capabilities of the child. – Organization of easy mode, which quickly becomes habitual and does not cause protest. – Provide assistance only when a child asks about it. And it must be exactly help, but do not work instead of child. – Understanding what a good relationship with your children – the main thing. The rest is fixable and will follow! Parents' attitudes to his teacher at school cause much progress a child. After all, this man he will learn a lot from him will depend on the mood of the child in school, his desire to learn. The success of a child in school is the foundation for his confidence. After all, Excellent and horoshist throughout his study …
Bow and arrows, which served as both a weapon and a tool for the ceremony, mentioned in the earliest chronicles of Japan. Like art itself archery – Kyudo. Early use of bows and arrows in Japan was basically ceremonial in nature, but by the time of a class of professional warriors bow became the main weapon of war. There were two main traditions, one of them specialized in a bow on horseback, and the second on use it on foot. While in the ceremonial use of the bow and arrow you can see the continental Asian influence, the design of the Japanese bow, seems to be local. Japanese bow asymmetrical two-thirds of its length rise during the shot of an archer. This design was developed in order to soldiers horse could use a long bow, since most of the battles waged in the early Japanese on horseback.
The main goal of Kyudo, Art onion, is to make a soldier out of well-aimed arrow, able to operate effectively in combat. This ability lies not only in the physical mastery of technique of fire, but in a balanced combination mental and physical qualities. In his earliest forms of Kyudo was aggressive martial art. But with decreasing importance of the role of archers, which occurred in the first place, because of the predominance of close-in engagements, and, secondly, because of the appearance of firearms, the practical value of Kyudo has become more protective. Nevertheless, the educational value of Kyudo is preserved, and it remains one of the ways of spiritual development.
The first and important in Kyudo – take this yugamae, proper reception, without which effective use of the bow. And although the provisions for shooting a horse and shooting on foot, of course, differ somewhat, they are based on common principles. Both provisions are intended to establish the physical and mental domination (dzansin) hand over their enemy. This condition must be maintained even after the boom is released. In training Kyudo soldier shoots in a special purpose thousands of arrows from a distance of only a few feet. It was only when his shooting technique Kyudo is correct, it starts to increase distance. Shooting method inagasi (deg) was supreme test for the foot archer. With such a firing of an archer was required to maintain a continuous stream of arrows in an hour. The supreme test of horse archer was yabusame, a sacred ritual, which consisted in shooting target at full gallop. Historically been a pioneer Kyudo Nihon-ryu. By the fifteenth century, it inspired the foundation of six other ryu.