changes had brought positive points for the evolution in the process of alfabetizao, in view of, that it allows the children to be come close to the written culture and the reading, having allowed bigger possibilities of success in the alfabetizao process. It is known that the failure pertaining to school is not recent subject, but is had becoming operating more in function of research in search of data to measure the situation of the education in Brazil and the world. The public school comes being questioned on its effectiveness in the fulfilment of its duties. The doubts that argue the quality of education had on the basis of appeared national evaluations of the education system (SAEB) System of Evaluation of the Basic Education? Brazil test, and international (IT STEPS ON) International Program of Compared Evaluation, developed for (OCDE), Organization for the Cooperation and Economic Development. Where if it observes and if it compares statisticians and numbers that alert and interrogate specialists and politicians. The imperfections are in the years initials, in the alfabetizao. In the results IT STEPS ON of it of 2009, Brazil is in the position 49, of sixty countries, in the question reading. Almost next to 50% of the evaluated pupils, they present difficulties in the reading, writing and understanding.
This everything, sends to the processes of the acquisition of the reading and the writing in the initial years, therefore it is when the child officially initiates in the culture scholar. But many times, the school, the professors and the family, do not disponibilizam or they ahead do not print relevance of the importance for this educational process. The result of this social behavior, educational politician and, is printed in the media. Conferring the gaps, it meets incapacity to know to communicate themselves and to understand themselves in the global world and with new concepts. Concepts that demand each time more capacity to communicate themselves well ahead of the world, to express itself of form to be understood, to participate displaying favorable or contrary opinions, amongst innumerable others.