This present work was carried through through a made bibliographical research in disciplines of Topics of Education and Evaluation in the course of Licenciatura in Physical Education of the Integrated College of Great $fortaleza FGF. Had this it disciplines to possess a great matrix of referring theoretical content to the inserted systems of evaluation in Brazil, saw it necessity to search on such subject and to extract the maximum of possible information for the understanding, interpretation and reflection of the same. Thus, in this work emphasis was given to the known system of evaluation as Pertaining to school Census which is references for the too much systems of evaluations of the Basic Education as IDEB, SAEB, ENCCEJA and CAME BRAZIL. The Pertaining to school Census is annually carried through by the National Institute of Studies and Educational Research Ansio Teixeira INEP with the contribution of the city departments and state of education and participation of all the public and private schools of the country. The data are collected and envoy in the last Wednesday of the month of May for the system online EDUCACENSO, being most excellent and brangente statistical survey on the Brazilian basic education.

The collected data constitute the most complete source of information used by the Ministry of the Education that has as objective: to formulate public politics for the good performance of the programs and to define the criteria for the supplementary performance of the MEC to the schools, states and cities; To subsidize the calculation of pointers as the Index of Development of the Basic Education IDEB that it serves of reference for the goals of the Plan of Development of the Education PDE; To distribute efficiently some public resources as: merenda pertaining to school, distributed and returned didactic books, uniform, pertaining to school transport. It is a system of so important evaluation that agencies world-wide as UNICEF and UNESCO they use its posterior data for studies and research. This system evaluates if the schools have Internet at least broad band with speed of 1GB, numbers of school registrations for turn, number of school registrations for series, number of reprovaes and approvals for discipline, number of evasions, number of professors, number of medical licenses, infrastructure, among others. OBJECTIVE: To define, to understand, to interpret and to reflect on the main objectives and forms of accomplishment of the system of evaluation of the basic education Pertaining to school Census. METHODOLOGY: A Bibliographical Research for the attainment of the answers referring to our general objective was carried through. The gotten data had been presented in seminary in the proper college for pupils of discipline related and evaluated for the teaching Teacher Master Rosane de Almeida Andrade. A punctuation will be attributed that will serve to compose the note of the GQ1. CONCLUSION: At last, the Pertaining to school Census is a system of evaluation developed for the MEC INEP, that through its results it looks to extend one better promotion of the quality of education in the Brazilian basic education. This system also is applied with Brazilians who live in Japan. from this year to leave of being a pointer for sampling and passes to be carried through with all the schools and pupils of Brazil.