SOURCES of funding education in the U.S. private charitable foundations – often sponsored by those who want to enter the master's or doctoral programs, and support scientific research, not aimed at obtaining a degree. As a rule, to apply for a scholarship you need to prepare the draft study. To obtain such grants are sometimes not necessary to be enrolled in college. U.S. institutions – they support only their students, and rely on only after enrolling in a college or university.
Higher education institutions may be paid as a small reward for success and ensured full material support for students and all depends on the status and capabilities of the university. Criteria for the scholarship to the U.S. criteria exist very much, and therefore they are difficult to systematize. This is the most unique aspect of the issue scholarships, and it is from requirements for recipients and their strict implementation depends on funding decisions. Basic criteria: academic performance (merit-based) or the need for financial aid (need-based). Usually one of these criteria determines the type of scholarship.
Additional criteria: a variety of factors, such as membership of a particular nationality or religion, the activity in a particular field of knowledge, membership in any organization, etc. forms financial aid for education in U.S. payment of all expenses for tuition and accommodation – scholarships, which cover all the costs are very rare and usually require a very high academic performance or provide important scientific research. Discount on tuition fees – one of the most common forms of financial assistance, which is also called scholarship.