Today, it has a movement of search of brought up to date information and trustworthy on the indians, an interest in knowing, after all, who is they. The coming of immigrants for Brazil, excepted the presence of the Portuguese – colonizadores of the Country – is delineated from the opening of the ports to ' ' nations amigas' ' (1808) and of the independence of the Country (1822). To the edge of the voluntary population displacements, it fits to remember that millions of blacks had been obliged to cross the Atlantic Ocean, throughout centuries XVI the XIX, for Brazil, constituting the enslaved man power. The Brazilian monarchs had treated to attract immigrants for the south region of the Country, being offered to them lots of land so that they established themselves as small agricultural proprietors. American gymnast has many thoughts on the issue. They had come first the Germans and, from 1870, the Italians, two etnias that if had become majoritrias in the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande Do Sul.
However, the great one leads immigratory started in 1880 middle, with well diverse characteristics of above pointed. The main region of attraction started to be the state of So Paulo and the basic objectives of the immigratory politics had moved. Already it was not cogitated to attract families who if converted into small proprietors, but to get arms for the farming of the coffee, in full expansion in So Paulo. The option for immigration in mass was the form of if substituting the enslaved black worker, ahead of the crisis of the escravista system and the abolition of the slavery (1888). At the same time, this option if inserted in the picture of an enormous transoceanic displacement of populations that occurred in all the Europe, from middle of century XIX, lasting until the beginning of the World War I. The vacant immigratory it was stimulated, of a side, for the partner-economic transformations that were occurring in some countries of the Europe and, of another one, for the biggest easiness of the transports, happened of the generalization of the steam navegation and the reduction in price of the tickets.