Tagsociety and culture

Monkey Bridge

According to Jose Miguel Wisnik, ' ' adopting the xingamento, they proud revert the supposedly negative character of the expression, printing to it a connotation provocativa' '. It was what it made twisted of the Athletical Association Black Bridge. According to Aristides Almeida Rock, in its excellent book on the animal symbology in the sport, it has three theories that they explain why the Black Bridge is the Monkey. The theory of the torcedor Jose Mayan Renato Kings is of that, when the pontepretanos torcedores arrived in a city, they always walked in groups, what the inhabitants said that ' ' the flock of macacos&#039 arrived; '. The theory of engineer Ariovaldo Casimiro Nesso that, according to Aristides, would have greater credit is of that, in the year of the foundation of the club, the pontepretanos played ball next to a bridge (Black) where, unexpectedly, it appeared a monkey. (The true one will be this, then it must be concluded that the Monkey is probably first mascote of the Brazilian soccer, as already we said in the chapter ' ' First mascote' ' , in our book Of the deep one of the trunk.) Finally, it has the theory ' ' tradicional' ' , of that it was a xingamento of the twisted bugrina.

There the pontepretanos had transformed the lemon into lemonade and the monkey is mascote official of Bridge. Well, it was not difficult to the pontepretanos to find qualities in ' ' xingamento' '. As it would say the great Cascudo Chamber, the monkey ' ' it is the figure of the agility, astuteness without escrpulos, infallibly victorious for the rapidity in the unexpected solutions and felizes' '. In posterior edition of its famous Dictionary of the Brazilian folklore, it says more: that ' ' in the classic fabulrio the monkey appears as symbol of cynical ability, shrewdness and ligeireza.


The number of andrognicos receivers is under control of esterides gonadais, being that they had increased estrgenos them, whereas the andrgenos auto-they regulate its concentration, as observed in the elevating muscle of the anus (WILSON & GRIFFIN, 1993). The capacity of the muscle to answer to esteride anablico pparently is limited, probably to the point of the receiver to become saturated. However, the fact of doses supplies physiological of the hormone had still obtained to promote increase additional of the muscle, leads to believe in the existence of another mechanism, that not in level of the receiver. In this in case that, the possibility is an action of esteride anablico acting as antagonistic of glicocorticides, diminishing the protein degradation, what it would increase the proteinic synthesis. FORBES (1992) demonstrated to have relation dose-reply for esterides anablicos, with evident reply and high doses. Additionally, esterides anablicos can produce effect that is regulated by the central nervous system. Athletes in use of esterides are comumente more aggressive, they try little fatigue and they increase the intensity of the exercises. One gives credit that the number of the receivers of the muscle can increase through force training.

Programs of training of force combined with esteride anablico, could not only increase the small farms of receivers, but also the saturation of these receivers. This would result in increase of the proteinic synthesis and prevention of the protein in addition. For LAMB (1984), doubt regarding the effectiveness of esterides anablicos-andrognicos in promoting the protein synthesis does not exist in the esqueltico muscle and other fabrics, in some circumstances. In castrated rats these substances promote the nitrogen retention, increase of the lean mass and stimulate the muscular growth. Also they are very efficient in stimulating nitrogen retention and muscular development in men who have been castrated or are deficient of the natural hormone. Research with albumen marked human being (I 131 albumen) 15-N glicina, concluded that fenilpropionato of nandrolona directly speeds up the proteinic synthesis and the degree where this occurs, is related with the protein ingestion and calories (VAN WAYJEN, 1993).

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