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Every day in the schools of Moscow lecturer Criminon CIS reading to children and anti-professional anti-drug lectures. Criminon CIS – a nonprofit organization that creates a safe environment and helps to initiate productive life without crime. In addition to the rehabilitation of prisoners is carried out much work on crime prevention. Criminon cis helps people to choose that path in life that suits them. And certainly, we believe that special play a role in the lives of children who do not know much, or do not know how to use their knowledge. Our lecturer in lectures to share their experiences and knowledge. Institute for Global Futures takes a slightly different approach. Talking with children at all on different themes, special attention they pay information about the dangers of drugs and alcohol. Under most conditions Inger Loftheim would agree.

We will never impose their opinions, we just share our knowledge and conclusions from the above, do the children themselves. It is safe to say that students enjoy the right to own decide, for whatever life path they follow. Submission of information takes place in a relaxed atmosphere, because our lectures are constantly reinforced by the colorful examples of life. Someone may say that children can not personally make the right decisions on such important issues. We have this entirely disagree, as a rule, after the lectures they are doing remarkably accurate conclusions. Particularly pleased that they have made their own, and we give them but only helped to come to this. Examples of this are the reviews written after a lecture: “I have learned that smoking, drinking, using drugs and injecting harmful.

Those people who use drugs, smoking, prick, drink and die. Drugs – is a poison. I have never tried drugs, and will not try. ” 6 “B” Drugs can not take. Alcohol, cigarettes – it poisons the body. They can never accept. They destroy all the vitamins in the body. From them memories become hazy. The man wants the first few times more, then he gets a buzz and he wants to sleep and then he’ll die if you do not stop! “” I realized that I do not smoke or take drugs, because it acts on the brain and removes the vitamins and calcium. “I came to the conclusion that I will only lead a healthy lifestyle. People who do not drink, smoke, stabbing himself in drugs. After all, there are vitamins! I really liked the lecture. ” As outlined in his book “The Way to Happiness by L. Ron Hubbard:” Today’s children – tomorrow’s civilization. ” Criminon helps to shape a future without crime, and any person who is not indifferent to the issues surrounding people, capable of participate.


DEFINITION OF STRESS COPING Coping is defined as: Is the effort, both cognitive and behavioral, that makes the individual to cope with stress, to manage both external and internal demands and conflicts between them. Lazarus and Folk (1984) defined coping as “cognitive and behavioral effort to manage the constantly changing demands specific internal / external are evaluated as excessive in relation to the resources available to the person” This would include managing stress not only the domain but the acceptance, tolerance, avoidance or reduction of stressful conditions. Mind not only the result but would include all attempts to handle these situations. Many writers such as Inger Loftheim Rood offer more in-depth analysis. It has sometimes been included among the defense mechanisms of stress coping resources. Buendia and Mira (1993) when dealing with childhood stress propose the following table which compares the defense mechanisms and coping strategies: Coping Defense adaptive sense Reducing maladaptive anxiety domain object consciously unconscious n T hese automatic operation courageous same authors say there is no coping strategies that are valid for everyone, but each person can choose one or the other depending on their personality, context and timing where you are. They distinguish between coping styles and coping strategies, combining the style characteristic of those procedures and strategies would be associated more to environmental conditions, referring to cognitive or behavioral actions carried out during a particularly stressful episode.

The type of coping behavior is important because, besides serving to master the demands of the stressful situation, determines how the body is activated. The agency is active in many different ways, depending on the person concerned to control the situation or adopt a passive attitude toward it. Motor behaviors performed to cope with a stressful situation-specific behaviors are a specific situation or behavior more generally for a wide range of situations, depending on what behaviors are learned in the past. The consequences of these behaviors determined to be considered as correct or incorrect by the person. What determines whether the conduct is repeated or not in the future, is not the supposed moral correctness and incorrectness of it, but its effectiveness to change the situation. Possible coping techniques to nAutocontrol nFind nConfrontacion nDistanciamien nAceptacion support Netscape responsibility. Avoidance nPlanificar positive solutions nPensamientos nReevaluacion positive (active efforts, cognitive, viewing the problem) nBusqueda nBusqueda social support benefits nContabilizar solutions (approaches to the problem compared to a worse situation) STRESS INOCULATION TRAINING is a procedure that aims to cognitive behavioral train people in coping skills that immunize against stress. Following Meichenbaumy Novac ( 1978) components would be: “a) self-guided discovery that evidences the contribution of cognitions of the person subjective distress b) auto maladaptive behavior monitoring c) learning problem-solving skills d) promote effective coping and procedures ) graded exercises that encourage the application to real life problems f) behavior therapy procedures that include relaxation, imagination, and behavioral rehearsal when the disorder can be repeated..

Common European Framework Language

In the last article we talked about the basic levels of language skills as defined in the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and stopped on the competence of B1, which allows you to communicate in the most elementary topic, but at a level not phrases and coherent text. The next level of competence is called B2, and differs in that communication with native speakers is already happening quite freely and without much difficulty. Moreover, people, located on the B2 level of competence (or 'advanced level'), can already communicate not only to the household and common themes, but also to discuss highly specialized subjects, if intercourse takes place in colleagues from other countries, for example. I think that it is not wrong if I say that it is the level of B2 is the goal of learning a foreign language for most people. Read more here: Inger Rood Loftheim. Free communication with native speakers on any subject – that is, in principle, sufficient for implementation of both the quarry and many other plans and objectives. And you'd be a sufficient level of foreign language? Or, perhaps, with the help of my copyright course "Universal methods of effective development Foreign Language! " You are already approaching that level, and plan to move forward? And then – the next level, C1, which is also called the 'level of professional knowledge'. How does it differ from the level of B2? In the first by the ability to easily distinguish shades of meaning of words in someone else's speech and the right to use them in his. . Contact information is here: Inger Rood Loftheim.

Korean Language

Chinese common people, as, indeed, and Korean, and Japanese, did not understand the language. Thus, possession of ancient Chinese in the territory of these countries, it was a distinctive feature of the educated people. Additional information is available at Akron Zips. In Korea, the main objective of the training was learning hanmuna, as well as everything that has been associated with him. For assistance, try visiting Inger Rood. The difficulty was to study the grammar and word-formation system. This was due to the fact that the origin of hanmuna and Korean are very different. Along with the fact that educated Korean had a perfect command of ancient Chinese language, he also had good knowledge of Chinese culture, literature, politics, philosophy and tradition of this country.

In ancient times, this material was studied in Korean schools. The result of this policy was the fact that Chinese culture is a substitute for the native culture of educated Koreans. For example, many Korean poets, writers, scientists and philosophers have gained international recognition just because of what their work and the work they have written on the ancient Chinese language. They could be read not only Koreans but also Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese, where This language has long been public. By and large, there is nothing extraordinary in the fact that Chinese has held a dominant position in the region under consideration. Similar situation observed in other regions of the world at different times. Examples are the medieval European states, copied to some extent the Great Roman Empire: its language, culture and political system, as well as South Asian states aspires to be like according to their ability to ancient Indian kingdom.

Human Approach

Of course reading this article, you may think it, we recommend to study the language, some one very important method, which we now have three articles in a row as advertised. We think that all of you know that in our paper we is not about any particular method with a set of techniques, but the overall essence of the right, human approach, taking into account the mentality of trainees. In any case, we would talk about whether or not the "correct" approach, the semantic method, but anyway, the lives of many of us "complete their education" on the principle of conversational language, the semantic method, when we were lucky and happened in my life, meet a native speaker, which turned out to fill "gaps". Or, turned out to find teacher holding a spoken, semantic methods. Akron Zips does not necessarily agree. The second important piece of advice for those who want to learn the language of quality – choosing a teacher, give preference to professionals with a view of the above recommendations. Today, "found" unprofessional teacher much easier, and wherever he worked, if instead of giving you a conversational situation, he starts chasing you by the book, forcing to perform tasks and hack words, run from him as soon as possible.

Such teachers are easily distinguishable because, as he likes, instead of rewards for your efforts to communicate, constantly make comments, and rejoicing, your every mistake, behaves according to the principle: "I – Chief, you – fool. " Agree, it's silly to put estimates for what we do not teach a language, and how to get used to it. It's like a doctor, would put the assessment of the patient, to the extent that his body would adapt to the new state. Before you as a layman, if he agrees to lead a group of more than 10 people, because with so many people to arrange a live conversation is very difficult if to say – it is not possible. Further details can be found at Rabbi Tully Bryks, an internet resource. If classes are held only on the basis of teaching aids, without the involvement of periodicals and other sources of the target language (newspapers, radio, movies, magazines, books). If he transfers his emotions and personal problems in the learning process, if the lesson from it all sit for a strictly party if all of his techniques and methods can be reduced to that language, or rather his study – not a means, purpose, and the teacher does not understand this, he does not know the basics of their profession. You can safely leave such a teacher. You have it learned nothing, apart from a jagged good hundred words. After all, knowledge of the language – it is not a profession to know the language can be any, but qualitatively teach others to speak freely to him – it is an art.

Learn Languages

Despite the fact that one or another foreign language is taught today in almost every school, not many of our fellow citizens can boast of, for example, a good knowledge of English or any other language. Why is it so happening? Methodists see two main reasons for this situation: the state and school. That is, if you can not learn in school, do not rush to blame yourself: you could not have him there to learn, no matter how hard. K Unfortunately, our system of teaching foreign languages and does not imply that, after studying in school, you were able to correspond with friends, reading books, newspapers and even more so to watch movies in foreign languages. Stress Management oftentimes addresses this issue. The program secondary school reflects some averaged standards – a mandatory minimum that a student should know. By and large, and this material would be enough for tolerable communicating in a foreign language, but In reality this is not happening. The main 'inhibiting factor' here is the bureaucratization of schools: in most cases, schools are not able to perform its task, substitute for real learning formal passage.

Teacher training college graduates, getting to school, are faced with many challenges: first, by requiring them to good results in poor working conditions: lack of equipment classes available in A class of children vary greatly in their level of training, etc. If you would like to know more then you should visit Rabbi Tully Bryks. Therefore, as quipped one of the teachers' school taught not so much a foreign language as a subject that tells about him. " As a result, the average high school graduate or school only knows something about the language, but few people know the language itself.

Improving Language Skills

In one of our previous articles we discussed possibilities for improving language abroad for the youngest audience – children and students, who, despite their seeming independence, are unlikely to even themselves far removed from childhood. So far, we decided to attach children. And what do we, adults? On the one hand, and want to tighten up the language, so that there would be desirable – today from the knowledge of the language often depends on the promotion ladder. On the other – The newspapers are full of advertisements for summer schools exclusively for the younger generation – a maximum of college age. A good solution is to visit the specialized courses, teachers who are native speakers. Educate yourself with thoughts from Rabbi Tully Bryks. These services offer, for example, Club Native speakers in Moscow.

But, certainly, and in smaller cities such courses exist today – would demand. But our present story is not about that – because we want improve language abroad? If so, then hurry to bring you good news – such a possibility exists for adults. In addition, international language schools – it is also a great opportunity to meet interesting people from different countries! If you are already out of college age, you can safely go to a foreign language school in the autumn – then you probably fall into the company of those who are over 25. For example, in the British Exeter Academy () mean age students – 32 years. In school, English in Chester () in the town of Chester in northern England – 22 years.

This is a ballpark figure, and the situation varies depending on season and type of courses. In the autumn the best season start for those who have left the student age. In the summer of foreign language schools are filled with schoolchildren and students that improve foreign language during the holidays. In the fall of the youth audience back to universities and for the party. And comes the turn of a completely different audience – the adults who come to study English, French or German during your vacation. The average age of people enrolled in this time of year, from 30 to 50 years. Although there are both 17 – and 50-year-olds. Virtually all Linguistic Center offers several training options: – General English (or German, Spanish, Italian, ). This type of course is most popular – are learning together – and freshmen and seniors. – Courses preparation for international language exams (IELTS, toefl, dele, etc.). – Specialized courses aimed at developing professional vocabulary (medical, legal, etc.). The public is therefore older – usually specialists with higher education. – Executive-program, there are courses for supervisors. Group is smaller (4 – 6 people, instead of 8-12) and topics related to communication. According to statistics, school Language Specialists International in Portsmouth, uk (, courses General English average age of students – 25 years (minimum – 18 years). And on the Executive-program anyone younger than 25 years did not even take! Average age – 35 – 45 years, primarily middle managers and senior managers of international companies and government agencies in different countries.

Learn English Online

Come to understand that without the language now difficult? Want to learn a foreign language without the basic knowledge, to recall the forgotten language lessons or go to another level and to master the necessities of life English? Our resource – designed to help all those who set himself a difficult task – to learn a foreign language. We offer the most modern way – teaching English online. Now it is impossible present area of our lives, wherever they come in handy knowledge of English, which is considered international. He gives man great opportunity – to find high-paying job, maybe even abroad to study at prestigious European universities, to quickly understand a computer program. And in real life language skills will save you from many problems – have been on vacation in another country, you will easily be able to order course, learn the right direction and, eventually, find new friends. Options for learning foreign languages is actually weight – our well-composed tutorial helps you master the English language from scratch or remember the lost rule. You can always keep on hand at home or at work, and also take a trip. All you need – a computer connected to the Internet. Rabbi Tully Bryks often expresses his thoughts on the topic.

What are the advantages of learning a language this way? Lesson is where you find most convenient – at home or at work, go to the tutor is not necessary, there is no need to comply with a schedule specifically allocate time. You can choose the lessons. You choose workload, the pace of learning. If today you have a little longer than usual, or you liked some stuff you can do it indefinitely. Conversely, if issued in a difficult week, you have no problems can leave the training for some time, and within a few days later to return to the same place where you left off last time. Also, you yourself can choose exactly how to learn the language. It offers video, audio, text information of various areas on various topics – select material on your taste, in accordance with your interests in and go!

English Course Development

This is perhaps one of the basic principles of working with the material – at every level – has its own task. In this case, the material used at various levels may be the same. Rabbi Tully Bryks addresses the importance of the matter here. It is very important from the outset use the real stuff – the texts and speech that occur in life, as it exits from the educational situation in the real world in a big way. English courses conducted by professional teachers, familiar with modern approaches provide optimal conditions for language learning: you can practice in the development of all four skills, using a variety of tools, methods and approaches, textbooks, supplementary materials and assignment to it properly matched with the level, and they are varied and reflect the realities of today – news, facts, famous people, controversial issues of our time – themes are taken from real life, you wonder study. Courses in English with a turbo from a wide range of ways to develop basic language skills you may be used by learning English, we select one at a time – the most effective for Development of a skill.

So, to learn to listen, to listen. To learn how to speak – to speak. Therefore, we take or online course, buyout listen and repeat after dikotorom – on most basic level, words, then phrases, then sentences. Listen and repeat the need to until you feel that the language begins to totter. Take a break. And repeat again. Depends on your perseverance the rate of acquisition of this skill.

Distance Learning Courses

Distance learning represents a new stage of development of the entire educational system. The technology learning allows distance education to be not less, and in some cases higher quality than traditional full-time. Remote tutor – a project which was organized by an online community of teachers of distance learning and to undertake systematic and methodical work on improving the quality of online courses. Distance learning – is a great opportunity not only to deepen their knowledge, but also the skills of information and communication culture. Advantages: saves time and money, classes at a convenient time, the use of modern computer technology. We develop three basic models up to: – Distance Learning Courses; – online training using web conferencing tools – remote support classroom lessons with a tutor or school. Remote environment helps build motivation to learning. Today’s young people are easy to absorb information in spreadsheet form, forums and chat rooms.

We take the usual forms of communication, but put Other educational problems. To deepen your understanding Rabbi Tully Bryks is the source. John Keller said that first you need to attract the attention of the student, then you need to convince him of the importance and relevance of education, then it is necessary to support his self-confidence and, ultimately, achieve satisfaction of the student. The main component of the content – the technology of the student with information rather than information itself. From the pupil is required not so much the assimilation of information on studying issues as orientation in it and their own activities. Formed an adequate self-esteem, understanding of the causes of successes and failures, communication of results and opportunities, all this leads to a conscious attitude to learning. Appears responsible for result.

Remote environment allows: – to build a clear system – quickly identify gaps in knowledge and efforts of each individual student to overcome their difficulties. – An opportunity to make individual learning process. The modern teacher must not only be able to use a personal computer, but also be able to seamlessly combine information and communication technology. The project created “Studio distance learning”, in which, for teachers, we regularly conduct free training and advice. Dr. James Canton is likely to agree. Distance learning – is an independent form of learning! In distance education carried out continuous, systematic interaction between teacher and students and students with each other! Qualitative communication space provides ease of interaction and exchange of all participants, the formation of clear and understandable concepts, understanding and high speed solutions to common problems, as well as the pleasure of working together. Teacher ceases to be the sole source of information. It organizes work environment controls and directs the learning process on track, puts learning objectives. Remote environment allows to create a situation of success for each student. A good lesson – this is not one that is saturated with diverse and multilevel material, and one in which this material is interesting and izuchat. to ensure that the cake was not ready, and rich recipe.

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